Even in a time when human civilization is at zenith of advancement and sophistication, being women in India is not easy. She faces discrimination at every stage of life sometimes even before she is born.
In this unfair scenario following laws are passed by parliamentarians to end all sorts of discrimination.
1. The Prohibition of child Marriage Act 2006
This Act out rightly bans child marriages in India. It provides Civil as well Criminal remedies which makes the child marriage in India an illegal act. This Act not only provides relief to children forced to enter child marriages but also prescribes punishment to persons who direct or conduct child marriages.
2. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971
This legislation makes termination of pregnancy punishable if the termination is without the consent of pregnant women (Section 3(4)(b). This Act also makes determination of sex of foetus in womb along with horrific crime of female foeticide punishable by law. The consent given by husband does not hold any importance. So in a situation where husband wants to abort the child, he has no say, if another spouse wants to go ahead with pregnancy.
3. Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009
This Act gives each and every child in India a right to get free education until the age of 14 years. This Act gives direction to school authorities not to detain anyone till the completion elementary education. In a situation where male child is seen as bread earner and parents will lean on him, that he will be source of their support in their old age this Act empowers girls to realise their potential.
4. Pre- Natal diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act
This legislation makes determination of sex at pre- natal stage an offence punishable by law. And if anybody asks for it will be held guilty under this law. This Act prohibits gynaecologists and other medical practitioners not to conduct sex selection tests. All the surgical and other equipments related to pregnancy should be sold by chemists having proper licenses.
5. Juvenile Justice Act
This act deals with children up to the age of 18 years who are in conflict with law as in have committed certain crime but due to their age are treated differently. It provides provisions for rehabilitation of such kids. It also has provisions to protect girls trapped in brothels for purposes of prostitution. Juvenile Welfare Boards are created for welfare of children.
6. Section 363A of Indian Penal code 1860
This Section of Criminal Law makes kidnapping or making a child to beg punishable. It is a non-bailable offence to kidnap a child of under ten years of age.
7. Procurement of teenage and minor girl child for purpose of prostitution.
Making a minor girl child to have illicit sexual intercourse is punishable by law. Anyone who procure a girl who is under the age of 18 years and haves intercourse with her, forces her to have intercourse with another person is punishable by imprisonment for the period of 10 years and fine.
8. Section 372 and 373 of Indian Penal Code
These Sections of criminal law makes trafficking punishable offence. Whosever buys or sells minor girls will be given imprisonment of 10 years and fine.
9. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
This scheme aims at providing financial aid and grant to girl child so that she is independent. The Sukanya Samriddhi account is opened at the post offices in the interest of girl child and funds are accumulated into that account from the time of birth. It was part of beti bachao, beti padhao campaign. Girl can operate this account after she reaches the age of 10 years.
10. Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of adolescent Girls (SABLA)
This scheme aims to spread awareness about health, hygiene, mal- nutrition, under weight problems in girls aged between of 11- 18 years of age. It makes girls independent by imparting skills and vocational trainings.