Not a decade ago Bengaluru used to give English Suburbia feels. It had a clean and green environment, trees everywhere, clean lakes and umpteen number of lung spaces.
But the change that has occurred these years has been detrimental to its ecology. Yes, on the positive side we have sky touching skyscrapers everywhere, cabs, buses and other innovations of science. These developments have come at the cost of reducing Bengaluru to place that it no longer resembles to happening place it used to be. According to the CAG report (2011), 53% of sewage in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region was let into drains and lakes, and only about 47% of sewage was treated.
Let’s take the example of an on-going heat wave which is not something which is native to Bengaluru. This year right towards the end of February temperature has been soaring, there are scant rainfalls etc. These all are symptoms of global warming which is changing the weather and demographics of the place which in the long run is going to be fatal. And for that matter Bengaluru is not the only place which has been hit by on-going climate changes, but there are other places in India which have become victims too; for example, According to the State Action Plan for Climate , there has been an increase of 0.59 degrees Celsius over the last 60 years in the state of Assam. The Action plan has also predicted that the rainfall will increase by 38%. Recent Kerala floods or for that matter today’s newspaper article read as a cyclone on cards for the State of Tamil Nadu. If we do basic Google research we can come across a myriad of examples where global warming is unleashing its wrath.
So what is global warming?
Global warming is a worldwide negative phenomenon of climate change. It is characterized by an increase in the average temperature of the Earth. The increase in temperature in turn, leads to weather imbalances, marked with changes in the prevailing ecosystem of that place. It increases the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, thereby causing the well-known greenhouse effect.
The major contribution to global warming has been science and technology and development. The use of fossil fuel as a source of energy, large scale deforestation, intensive and unplanned farming, grazing, mining and oil extraction, under planned waste disposal mechanism are major culprits. Their continuous use is ripping off the life of earth every minute. The current pace at which carbon dioxide is emitted is speculated by scientists to increase the temperature by 34.7 degrees to 41.5F.
Though development is important but at par is important to take care of mother earth. Development and saving earth need not be anti if following precautions are taken.
Plant as many trees as possible. They are literally lifesavers. If development and construction require clearing hectares of forest land, it should be made mandatory under laws to plant at least half of the original trees at alternative sites. This will make a perfect balance between development and nature. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and other poisonous gases from the environment thus cleaning and purifying the air and reducing greenhouse effect and in turn global warming. The roots of trees hold the soil together, thus preventing the upper fertile layer of soil from getting eroded. They regulate the temperature.
It is high time to use and find alternative forms of energy mainly because the resources are on brink of extinction and secondly the burning of fossil fuels is a major contributor to pollution. The money should be invested to harvest wind, solar and tidal energy.
Waste disposal still remains the challenge even before developed countries, so massive projects should be undertaken for effective disposal of waste.
Small steps like carpooling, using public transport, cycles, switching off lights, banning plastic, recycling and reusing are going to go in a long way to save the Earth.
Having stringent laws in place is an effective way to solve the problem.
Electrifying or using rechargeable batteries driven transportation.
The Government of India though is committed for environmental protection needs to gear up to undone the widespread destruction already been made. India’s contributions at Paris Agreement on Climate Change earned international praise for its plan of large scale investment in the renewable energy sector, afforestation and a plan to cut emissions and to have atleast 40% of power generation from other sources rather than from fossil fuels. India was also lauded to implement the concept of disincentivising coal (Coal Cess or Clean Energy Cess). In the view of same the tax on coal in the one year (2014 -2015) was almost doubled and the same was contributed to India’s clean energy fund. In 2014 when Modi Government came into the power there was a five-fold increase in solar installation to 100 GW by 2022 under National Solar Mission. The concept of green tax is also in place.
We owe it to our future generations.